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Brig Gem of Beverly, Page 3 of 256
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Current Page Transcription [history]
Tuesday April 15th the first part of thease 24 hours commence with fresh gales from the W with a heavy head beet [head-beat] sea. at midnight Cleare weather and fresh breezes from the W under reafed topsails. at 2 Oclock in the morning it moderated so that we sat the mainsail and at 3 took the reefs out of the topsails and sat the main top galliant sail. at 6 AM made all sail, and in a short time we had a flat calm. hauled up spanker, clued [clewed] up the top galliant sails, and hall down the gibs and let her role and tumble it out. at 9 AM the wind breezd up to the N with rain squalls so ends theas 24 houres Lat by ob 31=43 by D.R. [symbolic notation for form of position fixing used] Long by [symbolic notation] 70=38
Wensday April 16th the first part of thease twenty four houres commence with fresh Gales and squalley weather at 2 P.M. took in top galiant sails and flying gib at 11 PM set the main top galiant sale at midnight weather squalley took in topgaliant sails & deuring this wach from 12 to 4 at 7 took a heavy Squall from the weast Clewed up the fore and main topsails, from 8 to 12 fine weather. a sail in sight from aloft heading N Easterly thus Ends theas 24 houres Lat. by ob 29=56 by Dr 30-03 Long by [symbolic notation] 71=36 [symbolic notation] 71=04
[Mm caloir?] [in pencil between entries]
Thursday April 17th thease 24 houres commence with fine weather, moderate Gales from W, at 8 O Clock tacked ship at 10 P.M. took a Squall from the W. after the squall had spent the moast part of its fewry singlereased the fore and main topsails and set the fore and mainsail laying up S by E wind S.W. at 2 A.M. took a havy squall, at 8 A.M. under all sail Except single reafed fore and main topsails, from 8 to 12 fine weather with strong breezes from the W so Ends theas 24 houres with 2 sail in sight one heading to the S and the other to the N Lat by Ob 28=30 by D.Re. 28=43 Long by [symbolic notation] 72=40 by D[illegible] [symbolic notation]=[symbolic notation]
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Current Page Discussion [history]
fresh gales from the W with a heavy head beet sea. Not sure exactly what is being said here. A head sea is one in which the waves are directly opposing the motion of the ship. Beating is sailing close-hauled into the wind and tacking back and forth to reach a point that is directly into the wind. Perhaps they are sailing into the wind and against a heavy motion of the waves as well?
brailed up spanker, clued up the top galliant sails, To brail up a sail is to gather or haul it in toward the mast using the lines (ropes) known as brails. Clewing up a sail involves hauling up the lower corners of a square-rig sail to the yard with the clew lines. (To clew down a sail is to secure it in an unfurled position.)
Thursday April 17th
single reaved the fore and main topsails Not absolutely sure I'm reading "reaved" correctly, but the fourth letter is narrower than this writer's normal "s", so he doesn't seem to mean "raised," and there is no down stroke to indicate an "f," so he wouldn't seem to mean "reefed," either. (And "single" wouldn't seem to be an expected modifier of either of those actions.) So I'm guessing the letter is a "v," and that he is saying that he single-reeved the two sails. "Reeve" is a nautical term for threading a line through a block (pulley). Single reeving would use only one block -- a simple pulley.